Research Papers and Presentations

Coal Combustion Products

  • Kim, A. G., DiGioia, Jr., A. M., and Glogowski, P. E. “Water Quality Changes Related to CUB Bulk Placement at the Rostraver Airport”, 2005 University of Kentucky CCP Conference, Lexington, KY, April 11-15, 2005.
  • DiGioia, A. M., Glogowski, P.E., Yost, D., and Laken, E. An Update – Rostraver Airport Safety Extension Project”, ACAA 15th International Conference, St. Petersburg, FL, January 26-30, 2003.
  • Glogowski, P. E., DiGioia, Jr., A. M., and Howard, F. “In-Place Solidification of Coal Tailings using Class F Fly Ash/Cement Grout for Expressway and Subgrade Stabilization”, ACAA 15th International Symposium, St. Petersburg, FL, January 27, 2003.
  • Gray, T. A., Gray, R. E., Newman, F. B. “Utilization of Coal Combustion Products in Tailing Dams”, Tailing Dams 2002, Las Vegas, NV, Association of State Dam Safety Officials and U. S. Society on Dams, May 1, 2002.
  • Gray, T. A. and Gray, R. E., “Omega Mine Injection Project”, Pennsylvania Conference on Abandoned Mine Reclamation, State College, PA, June 14-15, 2002.
  • DiGioia, A. M., Jr., Glogowski, P. E., Held, B., and Larkin, G. “Rostraver Airport Safety Expansion Project”, American Coal Ash Association International Conference in San Antonio, TX, January 22-26, 2001.
  • DiGioia, A. M., Jr., Brendel, G. F. “Use of Coal Combustion Products in Transportation Projects”, Beneficial Use of Recycled Materials in Transportation Projects Conference, November 14, 2001 in Alexandria, VA.
  • Brendel, G. F., DiGioia, A. M., Jr., A. M., and Kondziolka, R. “A Fly Ash, Cement and Aggregate Mixture for Direct Embedded Transmission Line Pole Backfill”, ACAA Symposium in Orlando, FL, January 1999.
  • Gray, R. E. “Abandoned Mine Lands Ground Improvement Utilizing Coal Combustion Byproducts”, In Proceedings of the 7th Annual Great Lakes Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Conference, Kent State University, Kent, OH, May 10, 1999.
  • DiGioia, A. M., Jr., Glogowski, P. E., Held, B., “LPC Material Characterization/Uses in Mine Land Reclamation”, Abandoned Mine Lands Conference, August 22, 1999, Seven Springs, PA.
  • Bickerton, F.J., Held, W.J., DiGioia, A.M. Jr., and Glogowski, P.E. “Product Development and Management of Wet Scrubber Sludge for Beneficial Use Optimization.” Presented at the 1999 National Association of Abandoned Mine Lands Conference, Seven Springs Resort, Champion, PA, August 23, 1999.
  • Turka, R.J., Gray, R.E., and Brendel, G.F. “Coal Fly Ash Utilization at Coal Mines.” International Conference on Fly Ash Disposal and Utilization, New Dehli, India, January 1998.
  • Gray, R.E., and Gray, Thomas A. “Coal Combustion in Ash Haulback.” In Proceedings of 25th Anniversary and 15th Annual National Meeting, American Society for Surface Mining and Reclamation (ASSMR), St. Louis, MO, May 1998.
  • Michalski, S.R., Brendel, G.F., and Gray, R.E. “Coal Ash Utilization in India.” In Proceedings of the 1th Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, Pittsburgh, PA, September 14-18, 1998.
  • Gray, R. E. and T. A. Gray. “Coal Mine Reclamation by Ash Haulback”, In Proceedings of the 8th International Congress of the International Association of Engineering Geology and the Environment, Vancouver, B.C., Canada, September 21-25, 1998.
  • Gray, T.A., Kyper, T.N., and Snodgrass, J.L. “Disposal of Coal Combustion By-Products in Underground Cole Mines.” Energia, published by the University of Kentucky, Center for Applied Energy Research, 1997.
  • Turka, R.T., and Gray, R.E. “Projects Utilizing Coal Combustion By-Products in Abandoned Coal Mines.” In Proceedings of the 12th International Symposium on Management and Use of Coal Combustion By-Products, Orlando, FL, January 1997.
  • DiGioia, A. M., Jr., Brendel, G. F., and Trerice, D. N. “On-Line Monitoring of Fly Ash LOI”, Twelfth International Symposium on Coal Combustion By-Product (CCP) Management and Use, ACAA, Orlando, FL, January 1997.
  • Brendel, G.F., DiGioia, A.M., Jr., and Tyson, S.S. “Developing an Effective CCB Marketing Program.” Twelfth International Symposium on Coal Combustion By-Product (CCB) Management and Use, ACAA, Orlando, FL, January 1997
  • Gray, R.E., Turka, R.T., Meiers, R.J., and Golden, D.M. “Use of Coal Combustion By-Products in Abandoned Mine Land Reclamation.” In Proceedings of the 17th Annual West Virginia Surface Mine Drainage Task Force Symposium. Morgantown, WV, April 1996.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., and Trerice, D.N. “In-Duct Monitoring of Fly Ash LOI for Ash Quality and NOx Control.” Southeastern Electric Exchange – Environmental and Production Sections, Charlotte, NC, November 7, 1996
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., and Kelly, J. “On-Line Monitoring of Loss on Ignition (LOI).” Presented at ACAA 11th International Coal Ash Use Symposium, Orlando, FL, January 15-19, 1995.
  • Gray, T.A., Perry, M.T., and Kyper, T.N. “Constraints to the Use of Coal Ash in Eastern Coal Mines.” 1995 Society of Mining Engineers Annual Meeting, Denver, CO, March 1995.
  • Kyper, T.N., Brendel, G.F., and Golden, D.M. “Institutional Constraints to the Beneficial Use of Coal Fly Ash.” In Proceedings of the Tenth International Ash Use Symposium, Vol. 2, January 1993. (EPRI TR-101774)
  • Khilji, K.H., and Glogowski, P.E. “Design and Construction of Conemaugh Station Coal Ash/Coal Refuse Disposal Site.” In Proceedings of the American Power Conference, Chicago, IL, April 13-15, 1993.
  • Kyper, T.N. “Institutional Constraints to the Use of Coal Fly Ash in Civil Engineering Construction.” In Proceedings of the 1992 American Society of Civil Engineers Convention, Session 2B, New York, September 13-17, 1992.
  • DiGioia, A. M., Jr., Brendel, G. F., Glogowski, P. E., and Golden, D. M. “East Street Valley Expressway A Structural Fill”, Ninth International Ash Utilization Symposium of the American Coal Ash Association, Orlando, FL, January 22 25, 1991.
  • Gray, T.A., Perry, M.T., and Gray, R.E. “Ash Haulback Alternatives for Coal Mine Operators.” in Proceedings of the American Mining Congress Coal Convention, Pittsburgh , PA, June 1991.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., and Golden, D.M. “Fly Ash for Highway Construction Site Development.” Presented at the International Conference on Utilization of Fly Ash, Shanghai, China, September, 1991.
  • Brendel, G.F., Glogowski, P.E., and DiGioia, A.M., Jr. “An Overview of the Use of Fly Ash in Slurried Placement Applications”, Electric Power Research Institute and TU Electric Technical Workshop on Design and Construction Applications Using Fly Ash, Austin, TX, March 1990.
  • Brendel, G.F., and Glogowski, P.E. “Ash Utilization in Highways: Pennsylvania Demonstration Project, Interim Report.” Palo Alto: Electric Power Research Institute, 1989.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., and Glogowski, P.E. “Coal Combustion By-Product Management Options for Independent Power Producers.” Presented at the Sixth Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, Pittsburgh, PA, September 1989.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr. “Existing High Volume Ash Demonstration Projects in the United States.” Presented at the EPRI/Georgia Institute of Technology Seminar on Design and Construction Applications Using Ash, Atlanta, GA, November 30-December 1, 1989.
  • Brendel G.F., Glogowski, P.E., and Kelly, J.M. “Laboratory Testing of Fly Ash Slurry.” Palo Alto: Electric Power Research Institute, 1988.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., and Trerice, D.N. “A New Method for Improving the Salability of Fly Ash.” Presented at the American Public Power Association Engineering and Operations Workshop, New Orleans, LA, March 15-17, 1988.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., and McLaren, R.J. “The Physical and Engineering Properties of Fly Ash.” Presented at the ASCE Geotechnical Specialty Conference – Geotechnical Practice for Waste Disposal, Ann Arbor, MI, June 15-17, 1987.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., and Trerice, D.N. “On-Line Measurement and Reduction of Fly Ash Carbon.” Presented at the Eighth International Coal Ash Utilization Symposium, Washington, DC, October 28-31, 1987.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., and Golden, D.M. “High Volume Ash Utilization in Roadways, Embankments, and Backfills.” Presented at the Eighth International Coal Ash Utilization Symposium, Washington, DC, October 28-31, 1987.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., McLaren, R.J., Burns, D.L., and Miller, D.E. “Fly Ash Design Manual for Road and Site Applications”, Vol. 1, Dry or Conditioned Placement. Palo Alto: Electric Power Research Institute, 1986. (EPRI S-4419)
  • Trerice, D.N., DiGioia, A.M. Jr., and Brendel, G.F. “High Volume Fly Ash Utilization Program Guidelines.” Palo Alto: Electric Power Research Institute, 1986. (EPRI CS-4763)
  • DiGioia, A.M. Jr., and Niece, J.E. “Fly Ash Disposal and Groundwater Quality.” Presented at the ASCE Symposium for Water Quality Issues at Fossil Fuel Plants, Detroit, MI, October 21-25, 1985.
  • McLaren, R.J., and Glogowski, P.E. “Design and Construction of a Stabilized Fly Ash Access Road.” Presented at the Spring meeting of the Pennsylvania Electric Association, Clarion, Pennsylvania, 1984.
  • Anderson, R.B., Head, W.J., and DiGioia, A.M., Jr. “Coal Refuse-Fly Ash Mixtures as a Base Course Material.” Presented at the Sixth International Ash Utilization Symposium, National Ash Association, Reno, NV, March 1982.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., and Niece, J.E. “Ash Utilization Study: Huntley, Dunkirk, Milliken, and Greenidge Power Stations.” Presented at the Sixth International Ash Utilization Symposium, National Ash Association, Reno, NV, March 1982.
  • Niece, J.R., Bahor, M.P., and DiGioia, A.M., Jr. “The Cost of Ash Disposal.” Presented at the Governor’s Conference on Expanding the Use of Coal in New York State: Problems and Issues, Albany, NY, May 21-22, 1981.
  • Bahor, M.P., DiGioia, A.M., Jr., Pedersen, H.C., Glogowski, P.E., and Niece, J.E. “Comparison of Coal Ash Engineering Properties.” Presented at the ASCE Symposium on Waste Management Engineering Solutions, St. Louis, MO, October 29, 1981.
  • McQuade, P.V., Glogowski, P.E., Tolcser, F.P., and Anderson, R.B. “Investigation of the Use of Coal Refuse Fly Ash Compositions as Highway Base Course Material.” FHWA RE 78 208, Washington, DC, 1979.
  • Glogowski, P.E. “A Laboratory Investigation to Evaluate the Effects of Weather on Coal Refuse Material. Master’s thesis, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, 1979.
  • Delwiche, P., DiGioia, A.M., Jr., and Niece, J.E. “Evaluation of Ash Storage Sites – A Case History.” Presented at the Fifth International Symposium, Atlanta, GA, February 26-27, 1979.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., and Gray, R.E. “Power Plant Solid Wastes, Geotechnical Aspects of Disposal Site Selections and Design.” Current Geotechnical Practices in Mine Waste Disposal, ASCE, February 1979: 113-180.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., and McLaren, R.J. “Case History, Fly Ash Structural Fill, Culver Road Embankment.” Presented at the University of West Virginia Short Course Technology and Utilization of Power Plant Ash in Structural Fills and Embankments, Morgantown, WV, August 13-16, 1978.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., Logan, W.G., and Niece, J.E. “Power Plant By-Products.” The Military Engineer, May-June 1977.
  • Faber. J.H., and DiGioia, A.M., Jr. “Use of Ash in Embankment Construction.” Transportation Research Board Record 593, 1976.
  • Meyers, J.F., Kapples, B.S., and DiGioia, A.M., Jr. “Guide for the Design and Construction of Cement Stabilized Fly Ash Pavements”, Fourth International Ash Utilization Symposium, St. Louis, MO, March 24 25, 1976.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr. “Design of Fossil Fuel Power Plant By-Product Resource Storage Areas.” Presented at the 1975 Fronties of Power Technology Conference, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK, October 1975.
  • Parker, W.W., and Gray, R.E. “Making the Grade in Coal Refuse Disposal.” Coal Mining and Processing, November 1975.
  • Weeter, D.W., Niece, J.E., DiGioia, A.M., Jr. “Water Quality Management of Leachates from Power Station Coal Ashes.” Presented at the 29th Annual Purdue Industrial Waste Conference, West Lafayette, IN, May 1974.
  • Weeter, D.W., DiGioia, A.M., Jr., and Niece, J.E. “Environmentally Management of Residues from Fossil Fuel Fired Power Stations.” Presented at the 1974 Annual Water Pollution Control Federation Conference, Denver, CO, October 1974.
  • Parker, W.W., and Gray, R.E. “Experience: Engineering Plans and Specifications for Coal Refuse Disposal Areas.” Presented at the Engineering Foundation Conference on Coal Mining and Processing, Legislation and Regulation, Uniontown, PA, November 1974.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., Niece, J.E., and Hayden, R.P. “Environmentally Acceptable Coal-Ash Disposal Sites.” Civil Engineering, December 1974.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., Niece, J.E., and Hayden, R.P. “Environmental Aspects of Fossil Fuel Power Plant Solid Waste Disposal.” Presented at the American Society of Civil Engineers Annual and National Environmental Meeting, New York, NY, October 1973.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., and Nuzzo, W.L. “Fly Ash as Structural Fill”, Journal of the Power Division, ASCE 98, no. PO1 (June 1972).
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr. “The Physical and Strength Characteristics of Fly Ash as They Relate to Embankment Design.” Presented at the meeting of the Pennsylvania Electric Association, Engineering Section, Structures and Hydraulics Committee, January 1964.

Coal Mines

  • Turka, R.J., and Gray, R.E. “Impacts of Coal Mining.” In Humans as Geologic Agents edited by J. Ehlen, W. Haneberg, and R. Larson, reviews in Engineering Geology volume XVI, Geological Society of America 2005.
  • Turka, R.T., Gray, R.E., Meiers, R.J., and Golden D.M. “Fixated Scrubber Sludge Injection into and Abandoned Underground Coal Mine.” In Proceedings of 18th Annual Conference of the Association of Abandoned Mine Land Programs, Kalispell, MT, September 1996.
  • Haney, D.C., and Gray, R.E. “Highwall Elimination and Return to Approximate Original Contour as Required in the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977.” Committee on Highwals and Approximate Original Contour, Board on Mineral and Energy Resources, National Council, National Academy Press, Washington, DC, 1984.
  • Gray, R.E. “Alternative Measures in Undermined Areas.” In Proceedings of the 1983 GSA-Northeastern Section Meeting, Northeastern Environmental Science, vol. 2, no. 2, 1983.
  • Bruhn, R.W., Pierce, V.F., and Gray, R.E. “The Geophysical Potential for Characterizing Surface Coal Mine Overburden.” Society of Mining Engineers of AIME, February 1981.
  • Bruhn, R.W., Pierce, V.F., and Gray, R.E. “An Assessment of the Feasibility of Developing a Toxic Overburden Detection System for Surface Coal Mine Applications in the Western United States.” United States Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, August 1980.
  • Cecil, O.S., Gray. R.E. “Coal Transfer Station Designed Around Geotechnical Hazards.” Ground Engineering, April 1978.
  • Fairhurst, C., and Gray, R.E. “Underground Disposal of Coal Mine Wastes.” Report to the National Science Foundation by the Study Committee to Assess the Feasibility of Returning Underground Coal Mine Wastes to the Mined-Out Areas. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC, 1975.
  • 25Glogowski, P.E., Crayne L.M., Gray, T.A., Trevits, M.A. “Demonstration of Remote Mine Seal Construction” presented at the 2004 SME Annual Meeting, Denver, CO, February 23-25, 2004., 2004.
  • Gray, R.E., and Salver, H.A. “Pleistocene and Engineering Geology of a Portion of Erie County, Pennsylvania.” Presented at the Geological Society of America Northeastern Section Meeting, February 1970.

Dams and Water Resources

  • F. Barry Newman, John D. Mozer, Florian L.Bechtold, John M. Callihan, and Richard A. Kovac. “Structural Repairs for Ice Damage to Intake Tower.” Keystone Power Station Water Supply Dam, Shelocta PA. Presented at the Dam Safety 2005 Conference held in Orlando, USA.
  • Gray, T.A., Kyper, T.N., Smith, E., Hedin, R. “Feasibility Study for Ecosystem Restoration by Remediation of the Webster Mine Discharge at Nanty Glo, PA.” presented by Gray, T.A. at the U.S.D.O.E., NETL Facility, Morgantown, WV, October 4, 2000.
  • Gray, R.E. “Improved Contracting Procedures for Dam Foundations.” United States Committee on Large Dams Newsletter, July 1995.
  • Gray, R.E. “Failure of Laurel Run Dam.” In Geomechanics and Water Engineering in Environmental Management, edited by R. Chowdhury. Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema, 1992.
  • Brendel, G.F., Glogowski, P.E., and Gerco, J.L. “Use of Geomembranes in Deep Valley Landfills.” Presented at the specialty conference on Geotechnical Practice for Waste Disposal 1987, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1987.
  • Hribar, J.A., Mozer, J.D., Wimberly, P.M., III, and Yost, R.E. “Seismic Stability and Stress Analytics for Bluestone Dam.” Third U.S. National Conference on Earthquare Engineering, Charleston, SC, August 24-27, 1986.
  • Glogowski, P.E., and Straw, F.L. “Geotechnical Considerations for Landfill Liner Systems.” Presented at the Power-Gen ’90 Conference, Orlando, FL, December 5-7, 1990.
  • Kyper, T.N., and Sorensen, R.M. “The Impact of Selected Seal Level Rise Scenarios on the Beach and Coastal Structures at Sea Bright, New Jersey.” In Coastal Zone 1985, Orville, Magood, et al., eds.
  • Weisman, R.N., and Kyper, T.N. “Physical Hydraulic Model of the Ohio River Near the Elmer Smith Generating Station Cooling Water Outfall.” Fritz Engineering Laboratory, Lehigh University, December 1983. (Report #200.83.773.1)

Geotechnical

  • Bazán-Zurita, Enrique, Jarernprasert, Sittipong, Bazán-Arias, Catherine, and Bielak, Jacobo. “Effects of Uncertain Soil Properties on the Inelastic Seismic Response of Building-Foundation Systems.” Fifth Asian-Pacific Symposium on Structural Reliability and its Applications, Singapore, May 23-25, 2012.
  • Bazán-Zurita, Enrique, Bazán-Arias, Catherine, and Jarernprasert, Sittipong. “Reliability-Based Strength Factors for the Geotechnical Design of Foundation.” International Symposium on Reliability Engineering and Risk Management 2010 Proceedings, Shanghai, China, September 23-26, 2010.
  • Lewis, K.H., Henderson, C., and Bazán-Arias, C. “An Arch-Shaped Culvert Built by the Inflatable Form.’ Geotechnical Special Publication No. 90, Proceedings of the Third National Conference, The Geo-Institute of the ASCE, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, June 1999.
  • Gray, R.E. and Stephenson, R.J. “Update of the History of ASTM Committee D-18 on Soil and Rock (1987-1996).” ASTM Geotechnical Testing Journal, December 1996.
  • Knott, D.L., Bruhn, R.W., Sanger, D.B., and Kyper, T.N. “A Mitigation of Potential Subsidence Impacts at a Disposal Facility” by Association of Engineering Geologists 38th Annual Meeting, Groundwater Resources Association of California, Sacramento, CA, October 5-6, 1995.
  • Stump, Donald E., Vallejo, Luis E., and Bazán-Arias, Norma C. “Analysis of Creeping Behavior of a Natural Slope in Kentucky.” Proceedings of the Conference on Geotechnical Engineering Division of the ASCE in conjunction with ASCE Convention, San Diego, CA, 1995.
  • Bazán-Arias, N.C., Vallejo, L.E. “Binary Granular Mixtures under Direct Shear.” 10th Pan-American Conference on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Guadalajara, Mexico, 1995.
  • Gray, R.E. “Professional Practice and Societal Organizations.” In The Heritage of Engineering Geology; The First Hundred Years, 1888-1988, vol. 3, edited by G. Kiersch. Boulder, CO: Geological Society of American, 1991.
  • Gray, R.E., Michalski, S.R., and Winschel L.J. “Problems in Appalachian Geology – An Overview.” Presented at the Association of Engineering Geologists 33rd Annual Meeting, Pittsburgh, PA, October 1990.
  • Drnevich, V.P., and Gray, R.E., ed. “Acoustic Emmisions in Geotechnical Engineering Practice.” American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA, December 1981.
  • Thiers, G.R., Salver, H.A., and Gray, R.E. “Design of Large Slabs on Granular Material.” In Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, vol. 1.3, Moscow, USSR, 1973.
  • Gray, R.E., and Henderson, U.G. “Subsurface Stabilization at Hatfield’s Ferry Power Station.” Structures and Hydraulics Committee Minutes, Pennsylvania Electric Association, January 1969.
  • Gray, R.E. “Shear and Bond Strength in Shales.” Presented at the Engineering in Appalachian Shales Conference, West Virginia University, June 1969.
  • Gray, R.E. “Subsurface Explorations for New Works and Investigations of the Behavior of Existing Foundations.” Structures and Hydraulics Committee Minutes, Pennsylvania Electric Association, January 1962.

Karst

  • Turka, R.J., and Gray, R.E. “Karst Evaluation of a 90-Mile Transmission Line.” In Sinkholes and the Engineering and Environmental Impacts of Karst, Yuhr, Alexander and Beck (eds.), American Society of Civil Engineers, 2008.
  • Gray, R. E. and Turka, R. J. “Shallow Karst in a Breached Anticline”, Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology of Sinkholes and Karst – 1999, Beck, Petit & Herring (eds) © 1999 Balkema Rotterdam.
  • Knott, D. L., Newman, F. B., Rojas-Gonzalez, L. F., and Gray, R. E. “Foundation Engineering Practice for Bridges in Karst Areas in Pennsylvania”, Applied Karst Geology/Proceedings of the Fourth Multidisciplinary Conference on Sinkholes and the Engineering and Environmental Impacts of Karst. Rotterdam: A. A. Balkema, 1993.
  • Gardner, G. D. and Gray, R. E. “Tracing of Subsurface Flow in Karst Regions Using Artificially Colored Spores”, Bulletin of Association of Engineering Geologists, vol. 13, no. 3 (Summer 1976).

Landslides/Slope Stability

  • Gray, R.E., and Delano, H.L. “Stop 5: McMechen Landslide, McMechen” WV in Harper, J.A., ed., Geology of the Pennsylvania-Permian in the Dunkard basin.” Guidebook, 76th Annual Field Conference of Pennsylvania Geologists, Washington, PA, p. 300-304, 2011.
  • Gray, R.E., Hamel, J.V., and Adams, W.R., Jr. “Landslides in the Vicinity of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.” in Ruffolo, R.M., and Ciampaglio, C.N., eds., From the Shield to the Sea: Geological Field Trips from the 2011 Joint Meeting of the GSA Northeastern and North-Central Section: Geological Society of America Field Guide 20, p. 61-85, 2011.
  • Gray, R. E., Gardner, G. D., and Wimberly, P. M. “Stabilization of a Colluvial Slope at an Urban Site”, Proceedings of the International Symposium on Landslides, New Delhi, India, April 1980.
  • Gray, R. E. et al. “Slope Stability in the Appalachian Plateau of Pennsylvania and West Virginia”, Developments in Geotechnical Engineering, vol. 14B, “Rockslides and Avalanches,” edited by B. Voight. New York: American Elsevier Publishing Company, 1979.
  • Gray, R.E., and Gardner, G.D. Discussion of “Threshold Slopes in South Wales.” Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology 11 (1978).
  • Gray, R. E. and Gardner, G. D. “Processes of Colluvial Slope Development, McMechen, WV”, Proceedings of the Symposium of the International Association of Engineering Geology: Landslides and Other Mass Movements, Prague, Czechoslovakia, 1977. (Bulletin IAEG, no. 16)
  • Parker, W. W. and Gray, R. E. “Indicators of Coal Refuse Embankment Stability”, Proceedings of the Fifth Annual Mineral Waste Utilization Symposium, IIT Research Institute, Chicago, IL, April 1976.
  • Parker, W. W. and Gray, R. E. “Observation Evaluations of Coal Refuse Embankment Stability”, Proceedings of the Seventh Ohio River Valley Soils Seminar on Shales and Mine Wastes: Geotechnical Properties, Design, and Construction, Lexington, KY, October 1976.
  • Gray, R. E. “Landslides Portion of Section 15.” Handbook of Highway Engineering, edited by R.F. Baker. New York, Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, 1975.
  • Gray, R.E., and Donovan, T.D. Discussions of “Slope Stability in Residual Soils.” In Proceedings of the Fourth Pan-American Conference on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, vol. 3, 1971.
  • Gray, R.E. “Landslides.” Geology of the Pittsburgh Area, General Geology Report G 59. Harrisburg, PA: Pennsylvania Topographic and Geologic Survey, 1970.

Mine Fires

  • Gray, R. E. and Michalski, S. R. “Ash Disposal – Mine Fires – Environment – An Indian Dilemma”, in Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment, April 2001, Journal of the Nepal Geologic Society, vol. 22, special issue, December 2000, pp. 269-276, and Proceedings of the International Symposium on Engineering Geology, Hydrology, and Natural Disasters with Emphasis on Asia, Kathmandu, Nepal, September 28-30, 1999.
  • Glogowski, P.E., Michalski, S.R., Marks, B. “PA DEP Percy Mine Fire Extinguishment.” Presented at the Abandoned Mine Lands Conference, Seven Springs Resort, Pennsylvania, August 22, 1999.
  • Michalski, S.R., and Gray, R.E. “Investigating the Fires.” Portion of article, “Quenching the Fires of Jharia,” World Coal, October 1997.
  • Michalski, S. R., Winschel, L. J., and Gray, R. E. “Fires in Abandoned Coal Mines”, Bulletin of the Association of Engineering Geologists 27, no. 4 (November 1990).
  • Michalski, S.R., Winschel, L.J., and Gray, R.E. “Underground Mine Fires on Abandoned Mine Lands.” Presented at the 10th Annual AML Conference, Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Resources, Wilkes-Barre/Poconos, PA, October 1988.

Mine Subsidence

  • Cass P.G., Horn M., Bazan-Zurita, E.B. “Mitigation and Monitoring of Structural Distress in the Whitely Electrical Substation Due to Mine Subsidence.” Presented at the 2012 Electrical Transmission and Substation Structures Conference, Columbus, Ohio, November 2012.
  • Gray, R.E. “Chapter 47 Foundations and Chapter 49B Land Subsidence – Mines in the Geology of Pennsylvania,” Ed. C.H. Schultz. Pennsylvania Geological Survey, 1999. Special Publication 1.
  • Bruhn, R.W., Knott, D.L., Sanger, D.B., and Kyper, T.N. “Effectively Designing for Potential Mine Subsidence at a Disposal Facility in Northern Appalachia.” Land Subsidence – Case Studies and Current Research, Dr. Joseph F. Poland Symposium on Land Subsidence, ed. J. Borchers, AEG Special Publication No. 8, Star Publishing Co., 1998.
  • Gray, R. E. et al. “Subsidence Misconceptions and Myths”, Proceedings of 15th International Conference on Ground Control in Mining, edited. by L. Ozdemir, et al., Golden, CO, August 1996.
  • Meiers, R.J., Golden, D.M., Gray, R.E., Turka, R.J., Yu, Wei-Chung, and Hemmings, R. “Fluid Placement of Fixated Scrubber Sludge to Reduce Surface Subsidence and to Abate Acid Mine Drainage in Abandoned Underground Coal Mines.” In Proceedings of the Eleventh International Symposium on Use and Management of Coal Combustion By-Products (CCBS), Vol. 2, American Coal Ash Association and Electric Power Research Institute, January 1995; and in Proceedings of The 12th Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, Pittsburgh, PA, September 1995.
  • Gray, R. E. and Bruhn, R. W. “Structural Damage – Mine Subsidence or ???”, Proceedings of 3rd Subsidence Workshop Due to Underground Mining. Morgantown, WV: June 1992.
  • Holzer, T., and Gray, R.E. “Mitigating Losses from Land Subsidence in the United States.” Report to the National Research Council by the Panel on Land Subsidence of the Committee on Ground Failure Hazards Mitigation Research, National Academy Press, Washington, DC, 1991.
  • Gray, R. E., Bruhn, R. W., and Turka, R. J. “Guidance Manual on Subsidence Control”, Prepared for U.S. Department of the Interior, Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement, Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1991. (Available from NTIS, PB 91 228403)
  • Gray, R.E. “Subsidence over Abandoned Coal Mines.” In Proceedings of the First Midwestern Region Reclamation Conference, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL, July 1990; and Proceedings of the Third Conference on Ground Control Problems in the Illinois Coal Basin, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL, August 1990.
  • Turka, R. J., Gray, R. E., and Newman, F. B. “Use of Concrete for Stabilization of Abandoned Coal Mines”, In Proceedings of the Association of Engineering Geologists 33rd Annual Meeting, Mine Subsidence Prediction and Control, Pittsburgh, PA, October 1990.
  • Gray, R.E. “Mining Subsidence – Past, Present, Future.” International Journal of Mining and Geological Engineering 8, no. 4 (December 1990).
  • Gray, R.E., and Bruhn R.W. “The Angle of Draw in Mine Subsidence.” Presented at the 29th International Geological Congress, Washington, DC, July 1989.
  • Gray, R.E., and Gamble, J.C. “Mine Subsidence and Mine Subsidence Control.” In The Encyclopedia of Field and General Geology, edited by C. Finkle, Jr. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., Inc., 1988.
  • Gray, R. E. “Coal Mine Subsidence and Structures”, Proceedings on Mine Induced Subsidence: Effects on Engineered Structures, edited by H. Siriwardane. Nashville, TN: ASCE Geotechnical Division, May 1988. (GT Special Publication 19)
  • Holzer, T. and Gray, R.E. “Land Subsidence in North American – The Demise of Terra Firma.” Presented at the Geological Society of America’s Annual Meeting, Denver, CO, November 1988.
  • Gray, R. E. and Bruhn, R. W. “Coal Mine Subsidence Eastern United States”, Man Induced Land Subsidence, edited by T. Holzer. (Reviews in Engineering Geology VI) Colorado: Geological Society of America, 1984.
  • Bruhn, R.W., Speck, R.C., McCann, W.J., Cecil, O.S., and Gray, R.E. “Survey of Ground Surface Conditions Affecting Structural Response to Subsidence.” Report prepared by GAI Consultants, Inc., for the U.S. Bureau of Mines under Contract J0295014, June 1983.
  • Gray, R.E., and Bruhn, R.W. “Subsidence Above Abandoned Coal Mines.” In Proceedings of Symposium on State-of-the-Art of Ground Control in Longwall Mining and Mining Subsidence, edited by Y. Chung and M. Karmis. New York: Society of Mining Engineers of the American Institute of Mining, Metallurigcal, and Petroleum Engineers, Inc., 1982.
  • Yokel, F.Y., Salomone, L.A., and Gray, R.E. “Housing Construction in Areas of Mine Subsidence.” ASCE Journal of the Soil Mechanics and Foundations Division 108, no. GT9, September 1982.
  • Speck, R.C., Bruhn, R.W., and Gray, R.E. “Instrumentation Plan for Monitoring Ground Movements Associated with Pillar-Extraction Mining at the Kitt No. 1 Mine in Northern West Virginia.” In Proceedings of the Workshop on Surface Subsidence Due to Underground Mining, Morgantown, WV, November 1981.
  • Gray, R.E., and McLaren, R.J. “Research Needs in Subsidence Abatement over Abandoned Mines.” In Proceedings of the Workshop on Surface Subsidence Due to Underground Mining, Morgantown, WV, November 1981.
  • Bruhn, R.W., Magnuson, M.O., and Gray, R.E. “Subsidence Over Abandoned Mines in the Pittsburgh Coalbed.” In Proceedings of the Second Conference on Ground Movements and Structures, Cardiff, Wales, April 1980. Published as Ground Movements and Structures, edited by J. Geddes. Pentech Press, London, 1981.
  • Gray, R.E., Salver, H.A., and Gamble, J.C. “Subsidence Control for Structures Above Abandoned Coal Mines.” Subsidence Over Mines and Caverns, Moisture and Frost Actions, and Classification. National Academy of Sciences (Transportation Research Record 612), Washington, DC, 1976.
  • Gray, R.E., et al. “State-of-the-Art of Subsidence Control.” Report ARC 73-11-2550 prepared for Appalachian Regional Commission and Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Resources by General Analytics, Inc., Monroeville, PA, 1974.
  • Gray, R.E., and Salver, H.A. Discussion of “State of Predictive Art in Subsidence Engineering,” by Barry Voight and William Pariseau. ASCE Journal of the Soil Mechanics and Foundations Division 96, no. SM4, January 1971.
  • Gray, R.E. “Mine Subsidence, Support, and Stabilization in Western Pennsylvania.” Environmental Geology in the Pittsburgh Area. Environmental Geology Field Trip Guidebook, Geological Society of America, October 1971.
  • Gray, R.E., and Meyers, J.F. “Mine Subsidence and Support Methods in the Pittsburgh Area.” ASCE Journal of the Soil Mechanics and Foundations Division 96, no. SM4, July 1970.
  • Gray, R.E. “Mine Subsidence.” Geology of the Pittsburgh Area, General Geology Report G 59. Harrisburg, PA: Pennsylvania Topographic and Geologic Survey, 1970.

Research

  • Heintzleman, W.G., and DiGioia, A.M., Jr. “Engineering Management Education – An Overview.” Issues in Engineering, ASCE 106, no E12 (April 1989): 73-79.

Structural

  • Robert W. Bruhn, Samuel G. Mazzella, Florian L. Bechtold, and Richard M. Ruffalo. “Micropile/Augercast Pile Structure Protects Residential Buildings in Southwestern Pennsylvania”. Presented at the ASCE Hershey (PA) Geotechnical Institute Conference, October 2012.
  • Harries, K.A., Reeve, B., and Zorn, A. “Experimental Evaluation of Factors Affecting the Monotonic and Fatigue Behavior of FRP-to-Concrete Bond.” ACI Structure Journal Vol. 104, No. 6, pp 667-674. 2007.
  • Harries, K.A., Reeve, B., and Zorn, A. “Effect of Adhesive-Line Properties on the Monotonic and Fatigue Behavior of Externally Bonded CFPR Systems.” Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Structural Faults and Repair, Edinburgh, June 2006.
  • Harries, K.A., Zorn, A., and Reeve, B. “Effect of Adhesive Modulus on the Monotonic and Fatigue Behavior of Externally Bonded CFRP Strips.” Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on FRP Composites in Civil Engineering (CICE 2006) Miami, December 2006.
  • Harries, K.A., Zorn, A., Aidoo, J., and Quattlebaum, J. “Deterioration of FPR-to-Concrete Bond Under Fatigue Loading.” Advances in Structural Engineering – Special Issue on Bond Behavior of FPR in Structures Vol. 9, No. 6, pp779-789. 2006.
  • Gomez, Nestor. “Conceptual Structural Design Through Knowledge Hierarchies.” Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, April 1998.
  • Rivard, Hugues J., Steven J. Fenves, and Nestor Gomez. “A Classification and Indexing Scheme for Conceptual Building Design.” CIB Proceedings, Sweden. June 1998.
  • Bazán-Zurita, E., Bazán-Arias, N.C., and Bielak, J. “Three Dimensional Seismic Response of Building-Foundation Systems.” Structural Engineers World Congress (SEWC), San Francisco, CA, July 1998.
  • Rivard, Hugues, Nestor Gomez, and Steven J. Fenves. “An Information Model for the Preliminary Design of Buildings”, in Ziga Turk (ed.) Proceedings of the CIB W78/TG10 Workshop Construction on the Information Highway, CIB Proceedings, Publication 198, 1996 pp. 435-448.
  • Gomez, Nestor. “An Object-Oriented Database Approach for Conceptual Structural Design.” Master’s Thesis, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA. August 1995.
  • Fenves, S.J., H. Rivard, N. Gomez, and S.-C. Chiou. “Conceptual Structural Design in SEED,” Journal of Architectural Engineering, ASCE, December 1995. pp. 179-186.
  • Johnson, W.J., Bazán-Zurita, E., Vaidya, N.R., Diaz-Molina, I., Bazán-Arias, N.C. “Probabilistic Seismic Hazard and the Adequacy of Existing Building Codes in Puerto Rico.” Proceedings of the International Symposium on Earthquake Disaster Prevention, CENAPRED, Mexico, D.F., Vol. III, pp. 71-82, May, 1992.
  • Bazán, E., Bielak, J., Diaz-Molina, I., and Bazán-Arias, N.C. “Probabilistic Seismic Response of Inelastic Building Foundation Systems.” Proceedings of the Tenth World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Madrid, Spain, July 1992.
  • Newman, F.B., and DiGioia, A.M., Jr. “Adjustable Columns Control Settlement of Structure.” In Proceedings of the International Conference on Case Histories in Geotechnical Engineering, St. Louis, MO, May 6-11, 1984.
  • Mozer, J.D. “Curved I Girder Bridge Design Recommendations.” Journal of the Structural Division, ASCE 102 (ST5) May 1977.
  • Mozer, J.D. “Pile Cap Design Considerations.” Presented at ASCE Central Pennsylvania Section Pile Seminar, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, October 1976.
  • Mozer, J.D. “Behavior of Curved Box Girders Laboratory Observations.” Presented at the ASCE Specialty Conference on Metal Bridges, St. Louis, MO, April 1974.
  • Mozer, J.D. “Curved Box Girders with Cross Sectional Deformations.” Presented at the ASCE National Structural Engineering Meeting, Cincinnati, April 1974.
  • Mozer, J.D., and Chimm, T.S. “Bending of Horizontally Curved Plate Girders with Cross Sectional Deformation.” Presented at the ASCE National Structural Engineering Meeting, San Francisco, CA, April 1973.
  • Mozer, J.D., and Culver C.G. “Stability of Curved Plate Girders.” Carnegie Mellon University Report, submitted to the Federal Highway Administration, U.S. Depart of Transportation, and Twenty Five Participating States under Contract No. FH 11 7389: Report P1 September 1970, Report P2 September 1971, Report P3 January 1973.
  • Culver, C.G., and Mozer, J.D. “Stability of Curved Box Girders.” Carnegie Mellon University Report, submitted to the Federal Highway Administration, U.S. Depart of Transportation, and Twenty Five Participating States under Contract No. FH 11 7389: Report B1 September 1970, Report B2 July 1971, Report B3 December 1971.
  • Mozer, J.D., Gerstle, K.H., and Tulin, L.G. “Time Dependent Behavior of Concrete Beams.” Journal of the Structural Division, ASCE 96 (ST3), March 1970.
  • Gray, R.E., and Salver, H.A. Discussion of “Building Damage from Expansive Steel Slag Backfill,” by C.B. Crawford and K.N. Burn. ASCE Journal of the Soil Mechanics and Foundations Division 96, no. SM4, July 1970
  • Mozer, J.D., and Gerstle, K.H. “The Time Dependent Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Beams.” Presented at the ASCE Joint Specialty Conference on Optimization and Nonlinear Problems, Chicago, April 1968.
  • Mozer, J.D., Bianchini, A.C., and Kesler, C.E. “Corrosion of Reinforcing Bars in Concrete.” Journal of the American Concrete Institute, August 1965.
  • Reis, E.E., Mozer, J.D., Bianchini, A.C., and Kesler, C.E. “Causes and Control of Cracking in Concrete Reinforced with High Strength Steel Bars.” Theoretical and Applied Mechanics Report No. 261, University of Illinois, April 1964.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr. “Confirmation of Inelastic Stress Distribution in Concrete.” Journal of the Structural Division, ASCE 83, no. ST9 (September 1957).

Transmission Line Structures

  • J.K. Bledsoe, K. Yamatani, D. Glover, M. McMillen, P. Wilson, D. Williams, and J. Edwards. “500 kV Broadford-Sullivan Storm Restoration.” ASCE/SEI Electrical Transmission and Substation Structures 2012: Solutions to Building the Grid of Tomorrow, ISBN 978-0-7844-1265-7, 2013
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., Nickerson, R., and Kandaris, P.M. “Chapter 23 – Transmission Line Structures – Electric Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution.” The Electric Power Engineering Handbook, 2012.
  • K. Yamatani, and A. Jahangir. “Mitigating Risk and Managing Project Cost & Schedule on ‘Mega’ Transmission Line Projects: Beginning with the End in Mind.” GeoRisk 2011: Geotechnical Risk Assessment & Management, Geotechnical Special Publication No. 224, June 2011.
  • Cass P.G., DiGioia A. M., Jr., and Chan J. “Life-Cycle Cost and Performance of Electric Transmission Line Systems.” Presented at the Second International Symposium on Life-Cycle of Civil Engineering Systems, Taipei, Taiwan, October 27-31, 2010.
  • Bascom, III, E. C., Daconti, J. R., Douglass, D, A., DiGioia, Jr., A. M. , I. S. Grant, Mozer, J. D., Stewart, J. R. and Williams, J. A. “Section 14 – Transmission Systems”, published in the 15th Edition of the Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers, McGraw Hill, New York, NY 2006
  • Peters, G., DiGioia, A. M. Jr., Hendrickson, C. T. and Apt, J. “Transmission Line Reliability: Climate Change and Extreme Weather”, ASCE Electrical Transmission Conference on Electrical Transmission Lines and Substation Structures, Birmingham, AL, October 15-19, 2006.
  • Mozer, J.D. “Strength of Overhead Lines Under Ice Loading.” CEA Technologies, Inc. Workshop on Ice Storm Mitigation, Montreal, Canada, October 6-8, 2002.
  • DiGioia, A. M., Jr. “Reliability Based Design and Assessment of Transmission Lines”, Southeastern Electric Exchange, Alexandria, VA, June 23, 2000.
  • Mozer, J.D., Moore, G., and Lobdell, L. “PTFI’s 230kV Transmission Line in Irian Jaya, Indonesia.” Published in the T & D World Magazine, 1999.
  • Mozer, J. D., and DiGioia, A. M., Jr. “Review of the ASCE Structural Loadings Guidelines”, Pennsylvania Electric Association T & D Committee Meeting, Hershey, PA, September 29-30, 1994
  • Mozer, J. D., and DiGioia, A. M., Jr. “Review of the ASCE Structural Loadings Guidelines”, Southeastern Electric Exchange 1993 Engineering and Operations Division Conference, New Orleans, LA, May 26-28, 1993.
  • Mozer, J. D., and DiGioia, A. M., Jr. “Overview of the New ASCE Transmission Line Structure Loading Guide”, American Society of Civil Engineers Structures Congress, Indianapolis, IN, April 29-May 1, 1991.
  • DiGioia, A. M., Jr., and Mozer, J. D. “Reliability Based Design and Assessment of Transmission Lines”, Southeastern Electric Exchange 1990 Engineering and Operations Division Annual Conference, Charlotte, NC, May 29 June 1, 1990.
  • Peyrot, A.H., Mozer, J.D., DiGioia, A.M., Jr., and Pohlman, J.C. “Practical Code Formats for Reliability Based Design of Transmission Structures”, Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Probabilistic Methods Applied to Electric Power Systems, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, June 11 13, 1986, Pergamon Press, New York, 1987.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., Grant, I.S., Kennon, R.E., et al. “Optimization of Line Uprating.” Presented at the IEEE/PES Transmission and Distribution Committee Special Session, Upgrading Transmission Lines, Anaheim, CA, September 16, 1986.
  • Mozer, J.D., Peyrot, A.H., and DiGioia, A.M., Jr. “Probabilistic Design of Transmission Line Structures”, ASCE Journal of the Structural Engineering, Paper No. 19223, vol. 110, no. 10 (October 1984): 2513 2528.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr. “Guidelines for Transmission Line Structural Loading.” Presented at the annual meeting of the ASCE Committee on Electric Transmission Structures, San Francisco, CA, October 2, 1984.
  • Jackman, D.E., and DiGioia, A.M., Jr. “Why Use Probabilistic Methods in Designing Transmission Lines?” Presented at the summer meeting of the IEEE PES, Los Angeles, CA, July 18-22, 1983.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., Pohlman, J.C., and Ralston, P. “A New Method of Determining the Structural Reliability of Transmission Lines”, CIGRE, General Session, Paris, France, 1982.
  • Goodwin, E.J., Mozer, J.D., DiGioia, A.M. Jr., and Power, B.A. “Predicting Ice and Snow Loads for Transmission Line Design.” Presented at the First International Workshop on Atmospheric Icing of Structures, U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, Hanover, NH, June 1-3, 1982.
  • Goodwin, E.J., Mozer, J.D., and DiGioia, A.M., Jr. “Transmission Structure Design Using Probability Based Load and Resistance Factor Design”, IEEE PES, San Francisco, CA, July 19 23, 1982.
  • Mozer, J.D., Wood, W.A., and Hribar, J.A. “Broken Wire Tests on a Model Transmission Line System.” IEEE Transactions on Power Apparatus and Systems PAS 100, no. 3, March 1981.
  • Pierce, V.F., and Gray. R.E. “Applied Geology in the Evaluation of Transmission Structure Locations, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania.” Guidebook for the 45th Annual Field Conference of Pennsylvania Geologists, Pittsburgh, PA, October 1980.
  • Mozer, J.D., Order, C.I., and Hribar, J.A. “Reliability of Existing Transmission Line Towers.” ASCE Convention and Exposition, Hollywood, FL, October 27-31, 1980.
  • Goodwin, E.J., DiGioia, A.M., Jr., Davenport, A.G., Davidson, H.L., and Power, B.A. “Probability Based Wind Loadings for the Design of Transmission Line Structures”, IEEE PES, Minneapolis, MN., July 13 18, 1980.
  • Goodwin, E.J., DiGioia, A.M., Jr., Davenport, A.G., Power, B.A., and Davidson, H.L. “Probability Approach to Weather-Related Structure Loading Factors.” Presented at the meeting of the Edison Electric Institute, Transmission and Distribution Committee, Oklahoma City, OK, July 1979.
  • Goodwin, E.J., DiGioia, A.M., Jr., Davenport, A.G., Power, B.A., and Davidson, H.L. “Proposed Probability-Based Loadings for a 500kV Transmission Line.” Presented at the CIGRE Meeting, Study Committee 22, Siena, Italy, September 1979.
  • Fleming, J.F., Mozer, J.D., and Atkins, R.S. “A Program for Longitudinal Load Analysis of Electric Transmission Lines.” Computers and Structures, vol. 9, 237 253. London: Pergamon Press Ltd., 1978.
  • Mozer, J.D. “Longitudinal Unbalanced Loads on Transmission Line Structures.” Final report for Research Project 561, Electric Power Research Institute, EPRI EL 643, August 1978.
  • Mozer, J.D., Pohlman, J.C., and Fleming, J.F. “Longitudinal Load Analysis of Transmission Line Systems.” IEEE Transactions on Power Apparatus and Systems PAS 96, no. 5, September/October 1977.

Transmission Line Foundations

  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., Gray, R.E. “ETT/CREZ Direct Embedded Pole Foundation Load Tests.” Presented in Columbus, OH, November 4-8, 2012.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., Kandaris, P.M., and Heim, Z. “Evaluation of Performance Criteria for Short, Laterally Loaded Drilled Shaft Foundation.” Geo-Congress, 2012.
  • Gray, R.E., and DiGioia, A.M., Jr. “Site Characterization for the Design of Foundations for Electric Transmission Line Structures.” ASCE’s January-February Geo-Strata Magazine 2012, pgs. 28-32.
  • Cass PG. “Wood Transmission Pole Foundation Depth ≠ 10% + 2 Ft.” Presented at the Southeastern Electric Exchange Annual Conference and Trade Show, Atlanta, Georgia, June 8-10, 2009.
  • Bazán-Zurita, E.; Williams, D. W.; Bledsoe, J. K.; Pugh, A. D.; Newman, F. B.; Mozer, J. D. and DiGioia, A. M.Jr. “LRFD Approach for Foundations of the AEP 765 kV Transmission Line Structure”, ASCE Electrical Transmission Conference on Electrical Transmission Lines and Substation Structures, Birmingham, AL, October 15-19, 2006.
  • DiGioia, Jr., A. M. “Reliability-Based Design and Assessments of the Transmission Line Foundation”, ESMO 2003 Conference, Orlando, FL, April 6-8, 2003.
  • DiGioia, A. M., Jr., Newman, F. B., Bazán, E. “Direct Embedded Poles in Soil and Rock”, ASCE Specialty Conference 2002, Omaha, NE, September 9-12, 2002.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr. “Overview of the IEEE/ASCE Foundation Design Guide and CIGRE WG07 – Foundations Activities.” Presented at the ASCE Conference on Electrical Transmission in the New Age, Omaha, NE, September 10, 2002.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., and Newman, F.B. “Reliability-Based Design of Foundations.” Presented at the ESWP International Bridge Conference, Pittsburgh, PA, June 5, 2001.
  • Rose, A. T., DiGioia, A. M., Jr., and Hirany, A. “Use of Rock Mass Rating (RMR) to Estimate Rock Properties for Laterally Loaded Rock-Socketed Transmission Line Foundation”, 38th U. S. Rock Mechanics Symposium, Washington, DC, July 7-10, 2001.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr. “Reliability-Based Design and Assessment of Foundations for Transmission Line Structures.” Presented at the Transmission & Distribution World Expo, Cincinnati, OH, April 26, 2000.
  • DiGioia, A. M., Jr. “Direct Embedded Poles in Soil and Rock”, IEEE Engineering, Safety and Maintenance of Transmission Lines Conference, October 9-11, 2000 in Montreal, Canada.
  • DiGioia, A .M., Jr., Hirany, Anwar, Newman, F.B, and Rose, A.T. “Rock-Socketed Drilled Shaft Design for Lateral Loads”, ESMO 1998 Meeting in Orlando, FL, April 26-30, 1998.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., Hirany, Anwar, Newman, F.B., and Rose, A.T. “Granular Backfill Selection for Direct Embedded Poles.” Presented at the ESSMO 1998 Meeting, Orlando, FL, April 26-30, 1998.
  • Gray, R. E. et al. “Subsidence Misconceptions and Myths”, Proceedings of 15th International Conference on Ground Control in Mining, edited. by L. Ozdemir, et al., Golden, CO, August 1996.
  • DiGioia, A. M., Jr., Newman, F.B., and Rojas-Gonzalez, L.F. “Reliability Based Design of Transmission Line Structure Foundations”, Canadian Electrical Association, Engineering and Operation Division, Transmission Section, Line Design and Security Subsection, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, March 1994.
  • DiGioia, A. M., Jr., and Rojas-Gonzalez, L.F. “Rock Socketed Transmission Line Foundation Design Guidelines”, Electric Power Research Institute Research Project 1493-7, Irving, TX, January 1993.
  • Rojas-Gonzales, L.F., Margules, P.A., and DiGioia, A.M., Jr. “Rock Socketed Foundation Test Summaries.” Electric Power Research Institute Research Project 1493-7 Report, Irving, TX, July 1993.
  • DiGioia, A.M. Jr. “An Evaluation of Various Methods for Designing Drilled Shafts Subjected to High Overturning Moments.” Electra (CIGRE Publication), August, 1993
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., Rojas-Gonzales, L.F., Elliot, O.F., Jr., and Lee, J.P. “Full-Scale Drilled Shaft and Directly Embedded Pole Tests Socketed in Rock.” Presented at the meeting of the Southeastern Electric Exchange Engineering and Operations Division, Orlando, FL, May 27-29, 1992.
  • Rojas-Gonzales, L.F., and DiGioia, A.M. Jr. “Use of Directly Embedded Single Wood Poles in Transmission Lines.” In Proceedings of the International Conference on Wood Poles and Piles, 207-219, Fort Collins, CO, April 6-8, 1992.
  • Gray, R. E. and Bruhn, R. W. “Structural Damage – Mine Subsidence or ???”, Proceedings of 3rd Subsidence Workshop Due to Underground Mining. Morgantown, WV: June 1992.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., and Rojas Gonzalez, L.F. “Application of Reliability Based Design Concepts to Transmission Line Structure Foundations”, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 6, no. 1 (January 1991): 352 358. IEEE, New York, NY, February 4 8, 1991.
  • Kulhawy, F., Trautmann, C.H., Rojas-Gonzales, L.F., DiGioia, A.M., Jr., and Longo, V.J. “Current Research Advances in Foundation Design for Transmission Structures.” Presented at the Ninth Pan-American Conference on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Vita del Mar, Chile, August 26-30, 1991.
  • Rojas-Gonzales, L.F., and DiGioia, A.M., Jr., Kandaris, P.M., and Kondziolka, R.E. “Rock-Socketed Drilled Shaft and Directly Embedded Pole Tests.” Paper TPC No. 14-T and D-91, presented at the IEEE Power Engineering Society Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exposition, Session I, Towers, Poles, and Conductors, Dallas, TX, September 1991.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., Rojas-Gonzales, L.F., and Kondziolka, R.E. “Drilled Shafts and Direct Embedment Poles in Rock.” Presented at the IEEE Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exposition, Dallas, TX, September 22-27, 1991.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr. “Use of Available Technologies for Assessing the Present Condition of Foundations.” Transmission and Distribution, September 1991.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., and Rojas-Gonzales, L.F. “TL Workstation Code: Version 2.0, Volume 17: MFAD Manual (Revision 1).” Electric Power Research Institute Report EL-6420 (17), Palo Alto, CA, December 1991. (156 p.)
  • Rojas-Gonzales, L.F., DiGioia, A.M., Jr., and Longo, V.J. “A New Design Approach for Direct Embedment Foundations.” Presented at the IEEE Power Engineering Society Winter Meeting, Paper 90 WM 113-1 PWRD, Atlanta, GA, February 1990.
  • Rojas-Gonzales, L.F., and DiGioia, A.M., Jr. “The Design of Drilled Shafts Subjected to Overturning Moments.” ADSC Foundation Drilling Magazine, May 1990, 15-21.
  • DiGioia, A.M. Jr., Rojas-Gonzales, L.F., and Yourd, D.A. “Direct Embedment Foundation Research: Load Test Summaries.” Electric Power Research Institute Report EL-6849, Palo Alto, CA, June 1990. (347 p.)
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., Rojas-Gonzales, L.F., and Newman, F.B. “Statistical Analyses of Drilled Shaft and Embedded Pole Models.” Foundation Engineering: Current Principles and Practices. Edited by F.H. Kulhawy. Vol 2, 1338-1352. New York: ASCE, 1989
  • Bragg, R. A., DiGioia, A. M., Jr., and Rojas Gonzalez, L. F. “Direct Embedment Foundation Research”, Electric Power Research Institute Report EL-6309, Palo Alto, CA, July 1988.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., Bragg, R.A., and Longo, V. “Foundation Design for Directly Embedded Single Poles.” Presented at the American Society of Civil Engineers Convention, Atlantic City, NJ, April 27-29, 1987.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., Longo, V., Kulhawy, F., et al. “Recent Advances in Transmission Line Foundation Analysis and Design.” Presented at the CIGRE meeting, Paris, France, September 1986.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., “Foundations for Transmission Line Structures.” Presented at the ASCE Specialty Conference-Innovations in the Design of Electrical Transmission Structures, Kansas City, MO, August 13-15, 1985.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., Davidson, H.L., and Donovan, T.D. “Design of Laterally Loaded Drilled Piers.” Presented at the winter meetings of the IEEE Power Engineering Society, New York, NY, January 31-February 5, 1982.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., Pohlman, J.C., and Silva, J.M. “A New Approach to Economic/Reliable Foundation Design.” Transmission and Distribution, October 1979.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., Donovan, T.D., and Davidson, H.L. “Drilled Piers and Direct Embedment Foundations for Transmission Structures Subjected to Overturning Forces.” Presented at the winter meeting of the IEEE PES, New York, NY, January 1977.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., Lummis, J., and Pohlman, J.C. “Steel Pole Foundations Could Cost Less.” Transmission and Distribution, July 1977.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., Donovan, T.D., and Davidson, H.L. “Site Investigation and Selection of Geotechnical Parameters for Transmission Structure Foundation Design.” Presented at the winter meeting of the IEEE PES, New York, NY, January 1977.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., Lummis, J., and Pohlman, J.C. “A Cost/Risk Approach to Designing Pole Foundations.” Presented at the summer meeting of the IEEE PES, Portland, OR, July 1976.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., Donovan, T.D., and Cortese, F.J. “A Multi-Layered Pressuremeter Approach to Laterally Loaded Rigid Caisson Design.” Presented at the American Society of Civil Engineers, Geotechnical Engineering Division Meeting, Dayton, OH, February 1975.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., Lummis, J., and Pohlman, J.C. “Designing Moment Foundations for Optimum Balance Between Risk and Cost.” Presented at the meeting of the Edison Electric Institute, Transmission and Distribution Committee, Atlanta, GA, October 1975.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr. “Steel-Fiber Reinforced Concrete, a Construction Material for the 1970’s.” Presented at the Pennsylvania Electric Association Meeting, Engineering Section, Structures and Hydraulics Committee, January 1974.
  • Gray, R.E. “Foundation Design, Bruce Mansfield Power Station.” Structures and Hydraulics Committee Minutes. Pennsylvania Electric Association, May 1973.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., Donovan, T.D., and Cortese, F.J. “Laterally Loaded Caisson Foundations for Single-Pole Transmission Structures.” Presented at the meeting of the Pennsylvania Electric Association, Engineering Section, Structures and Hydraulics Committee, January 1972.
  • DiGioia, A.M., Jr., Donovan, T.D., and Cortese, F.J. “Caisson Foundations – Transmission Pole Structures.” Presented at the American Society of Civil Engineers National Structural Engineering Meeting, Cleveland, OH, April 1972.
  • Gray, R.E., and Salver, H.A. “Foundation Support in an Undermined Substation.” Presented at the American Society of Civil Engineers National Structural Meeting, Cleveland, OH, April 1972.
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